CONDITIONS

Atrial Fibrillation


Atrial Fibrillation is an irregular and often rapid heart rate that can increase your risk of stroke, heart failure and other heart related complications. During Atrial Fibrillation, the heart’s two upper chambers beat chaotically and irregularly- out of coordination with the two lower chambers of the heart. Atrial Fibrillation symptoms often include heart palpitations, shortness of breath, dizziness and/or weakness. Episodes of Atrial Fibrillation can come and go (intermittent), or you may develop Atrial Fibrillation that doesn’t go away (chronic or persistent) and may require treatment. Although Atrial Fibrillation itself usually isn’t life-threatening, it may become a serious medical condition that sometimes requires emergency treatment. It can lead to complications such as blood clots forming in the heart that may circulate to other organs, like the brain, and lead to blocked blood flow like stroke. Treatments for Atrial Fibrillation may include medications and other interventions to try to alter the heart’s electricity.




Heart Failure


Heart Failure, sometimes known as Congestive Heart Failure, occurs when your heart muscle doesn’t pump blood as well as it should. Certain conditions, such as narrowed arteries in your heart or high blood pressure, gradually leave your heart too weak or stiff to fill and pump efficiently. Not all conditions that lead to heart failure can be reversed, but treatment can improve the signs and symptoms of heart failure and help you live longer. Lifestyle changes- such as exercising, reducing sodium in your diet, managing stress and losing weight- can improve your quality of like. One way to prevent Heart Failure is to prevent and control conditions that cause heart failure, such as coronary artery disease, high blood pressure, diabetes or obesity.




Chest Pain


Chest pain includes fullness, pressure, burning or tightness of the chest. The pain can also radiate down your arms, back, neck, shoulders and jaw. If pain lasts longer than a few minutes, worsens, or lessens then increases with intensity you need to seek medical treatment. You can also experience shortness of breath. Chest pain can be an early symptom of heart attack.




Bradycardia


Bradycardia causes your heart to beat fewer than 60 times a minute. This can be a serious problem if the heart isn’t pumping enough oxygen rich blood through the body.




Extra Systoles (PAC/PVC)


These are additional heartbeats which occur outside normal heart rhythm and can cause some uncomfortable symptoms. Extra Systoles can also be called “heart Hiccup” or palpitations, and are medically regarded as Cardiac Arrhythmia.




Syncope


Syncope is a temporary loss of consciousness usually related to insufficient blood flow to the brain. It’s also called “fainting” or “passing out”. It most often occurs when blood pressure is too low and the heart doesn’t pump enough oxygen to the brain.




Stroke


A Stroke occurs when the blood supply to part of your brain is interrupted or reduced, depriving brain tissue of oxygen and nutrients. Within minutes, brain cells begin to die. Stroke is a medical emergency. Prompt treatment in crucial. Early action can minimize brain damage and potential complications.




Hypertension


High Blood Pressure is a common condition in which the long-term force of the blood against your artery walls is high enough that it may eventually cause health problems, such as heart disease. Blood pressure is determined both by the amount of blood your heart pumps and the amount of resistance to blood flow in your arteries. The more blood your heart pumps and the narrower your arteries, the higher your blood pressure. You can have high blood pressure for years without any symptoms. Even without symptoms, damage to blood vessels and your heart continues and can be detected. Uncontrolled high blood pressure increases your risk of serious health problems, including heart attack and stroke.




High Cholesterol


Cholesterol is a waxy substance that’s found in the fats in your blood. While your body needs Cholesterol to continue building healthy cells, having High Cholesterol can increase your risk of Heart Disease. When you have High Cholesterol, you may develop fatty deposits in your blood vessels. Eventually, these deposits make it difficult for enough blood to flow through your arteries. Your heart may not get as much oxygen-rich blood as it needs, which increases the risk of a heart attack. Decreased blood flow to your brain can cause a stroke. High Cholesterol can be inherited, but it’s often the result of unhealthy lifestyle choices, and thus preventable and treatable. A healthy diet, regular exercise and sometimes medication can go a long way toward reducing High Cholesterol.




Peripheral Artery Disease


Peripheral Artery Disease is a common circulatory problem in which narrowed arteries reduce blood flow to your limbs. When you develop Peripheral Artery Disease, your extremities, usually your legs, don’t receive enough blood flow to keep up with demand. This causes symptoms, most notable leg pain and fatigue when walking (claudication). Peripheral Artery Disease is also likely to be a sign of a more widespread accumulation of fatty deposits in your arteries. This condition may be reducing blood flow to your heart and brain, as well as your legs. You often can successfully treat Peripheral Artery Disease by quitting tobacco, exercising and heating a healthy diet.




Heart Disease In Women


Women are somewhat more likely than men to have atypical symptoms particularly shortness of breath, pressure of pain in lower chest and upper abdomen, dizziness, light headedness, or fainting, upper back pressure, nausea or vomiting, extreme fatigue and back or jaw pain. Heart Disease In Women is sometimes more complicated than men due to late diagnosis.




Heart Disease Risk Factors


There are several risk factors for Heart Disease are High Blood Pressure, High Cholesterol, smoking, diabetes, obesity, lack of exercise, extreme stress, genetics and depression. Have a conversation with your family doctor or primary provider about your risk factors, your risk of having Heart Disease, and how to evaluate and manage that.





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